From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Marley makes it absolutely clear that he brought about his fate through his own selfish actions. on 2-49 accounts, Save 30% She holds a Mississippi AA Educator License. How does Dickens present Bob Cratchit's family in stave 3 of A Christmas Carol? The figure, a majestic giant clad in green robes, sits atop a throne made of a gourmet feast. Scrooge finally displays empathy for his clerk, Cratchit, when he witnesses the love and joy present in the family's Christmas Day celebration, despite their meager meal and Cratchit's son. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime. flashcard sets. In Scrooge we see a man who is transformed from a greedy, selfish miser into a generous and good-natured character by the end. Bob Cratchit said, and calmly too, that he regarded it as the greatest success achieved by Mrs Cratchit since their marriage. The poor were struggling. "Scrooge was the Ogre of the family." Scrooge is portrayed as a monster, and his family don't like him but feel obligated to toast him. Instant PDF downloads. on 50-99 accounts. Describe the two children who emerge from the second spirit's robe in A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens. After that, he changes his character completely. He wears a garland of holly with bits of icicles in it. The reader sees this when the second spirit sprinkles blessings on many people and is a merry individual. Stave 3 Quotes In easy state upon this couch, there sat a jolly Giant, glorious to see, who bore a glowing torch, in shape not unlike Plenty's horn, and held it up, high up, to shed its light on Scrooge, as he came peeping round the door. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. People merrily shovel snow, tote bags of presents, and greet one another with a cheery "Merry Christmas!". How is Scrooge presented in Stave 3 quotes? The journey into his past demonstrated to him that he chose to be alone. Though Cratchits means are small, he manages to fill his home with the spirit of Christmas, making it seem large and glorious, compared to Scrooges bleak, dark rooms. Marley joins in the chorus, and Scrooge looks out after him to see multitudes of similar ghosts, all with chains of their own, trying to help the living but unable to: "The misery with them all was, clearly, that they sought to interfere, for good, in human matters, and had lost the power forever." Accessed 4 Mar. It's a site that collects all the most frequently asked questions and answers, so you don't have to spend hours on searching anywhere else. The Ghost of Christmas Present alludes to people who label themselves Christians yet do not embrace key Christian values, such as loving and caring for those in need. These draconian rules forced many poor people into prisons and provisional workhouses. In Stave Five, the weather is clear, bright, jovial with Golden sunlight. Stave 1 - Bob asks Scrooge for time off, after he rejects the charity workers, and Fred asks him whether he would like to celebrate with him. He is the antithesis of the Christmas spirit. Scrooge was the Ogre of the family. Scrooge is portrayed as a monster, and his family dont like him but feel obligated to toast him. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. The spirit then takes Scrooge to the meager home of Bob Cratchit, where Mrs. Cratchit and her children prepare a Christmas goose and savor the few Christmas treats they can afford. Scrooge repeated, as he scrambled out of bed. The main character, Ebenezer Scrooge, is a rich, miserly, bitter, unmarried, childless man who is contemptuous of Christmas, love, and generosity. Christmas, in Dickens' mind, should not bring about self-denial, renunciation, or emotional withdrawal. In his mind, he is a new man. We can see the moral of the story here, that you can be happy with nothing, if you are grateful and generous. Scrooge is immediately presented as an unpleasant character who is completely obsessed with making money. As Scrooge progresses in his journey of enlightenment he is 'reborn' as a new person which is reflected through the words in the lexical field of youth and innocence. Charles Dickens' novella A Christmas Carol is written in five staves similar to verses or stanzas. ', 'Our contract is an old one. When Scrooge returns to his bed, he is painfully remorseful about his past life choices. Let us know your assignment type and we'll make sure to get you exactly the kind of answer you need. Scrooge forces Cratchit to work in a miserable environment with little heat and light. Scrooge begins to care about other people in Stave Three. The common welfare was my business; charity, mercy, forbearance, and benevolence, were, all, my business. Ebenezer Scrooge from the Charles Dickens novel A Christmas Carol has become one of the most iconic symbols of Christmas. Discover characters and quotes from Stave 1. The symbolic use of Scrooge being drawn by a light to discover the Ghost of Christmas Present in an adjoining room could have been a reference to Jesus' words, "I am the light of the world; he who follows Me shall not walk in the darkness, but shall have the light of life.". The church clock strikes one, startling Scrooge, who awakes in mid-snore. I went forth last night on compulsion, and I learnt a lesson which is working now. "The Treadmill and the Poor Law are in full vigour, then?" said Scrooge . All rights reserved. Its like a teacher waved a magic wand and did the work for me. (His equations, long since debunked, postulate that population growth will occur according to a geometric sequence, while food supply will grow according to an arithmetic sequence.) Are there no workhouses? (Stave 3). He formerly ran his business with his partner, Jacob Marley, who died seven years before "A Christmas Carol" begins. I am as giddy as a drunken man. He allows people into his life, and does his best to help the needy anywhere he can. The spirits have really played a massive role in transforming his character. Now Scrooge is obviously a very different man. Charles Dickens and A Christmas Carol Background. Scrooge finds the games the guests play after the meal appealing. In this sense, the Ghost of Christmas Present also represents empathy enabling Scrooge to not only see the Cratchits but to feel the sorrow and hardships of their daily toil. The family is more than content despite its skimpy Christmas feast. Subscribe now. Near the end, he goes home to his dingy rooms. The room next-door has been transformed into a festive cavern, full to the brim with food and greenery. erb337. He doesn't do any good with it." What lesson does Scrooge learn in Stave 3? Stave 1: Marley's Ghost. His scabbard is empty, as he promotes peace and plenty over Scrooge's miserliness. It was the voice of Scrooge's nephew, who came upon him so quickly that this was the first intimation he had of his approach. His chain is made up of symbols of what he chose to value during his time on Earth, and he is doomed to wear it for eternity. Dickens alludes to Malthus in Stave One, when Scrooge echoes the economist's views on overpopulation in his rebuke of the portly gentlemen. The ghost of Jacob Marley visits, then Scrooge goes to bed and falls into a deep sleep. They are collecting for a charity to provide food and coal for the poor on Christmas, which offends Scrooge: in his opinion, if the poor are cold and hungry, they should go to debtor's prison or a workhouse, and if they prefer not to, they should die and "decrease the surplus population." Scrooge expresses concern and a desire to help two sickly children, named Ignorance and Want, hiding in the spirit's robes. He has changed from a selfish and inconsiderate man to a charitable, caring man with a kind heart. Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. Refine any search. In order to complete this discussion, I complete a lot of analysis of key quotations, and at the end I provide a summary about how Scrooge is presented and a question for you to reflect on!~~~Please consider supporting me on Patreon! Bob comes in carrying the crippled young tyke, Tiny Tim, on his shoulders. He had never dreamed that any walk that anything could give him so much happiness. Scrooge learns to see the balance between money and family. Dickens uses the opportunity to put forth a poignant criticism of the unfeeling members of a disconnected upper class and to present a highly sentimentalized portrait of the lower classes. Another example of Scrooges change in perception and behavior is his reaction to Ignorance and Want. He is joyous, gives generously, and commanding. At the end of Stave 3, as Scrooge uncharacteristically shows concern for two pitiful children, the Ghost of Christmas Present reminds him of his harsh words that poor people should be sent to workhouses and prisons. Ebenezer Scrooge is a mean, selfish, hateful, self-absorbed money-lender. 'I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future!' Scrooge repeated, as he scrambled out of bed . Dickens shows how the citys poverty has caused a generation of lost childhoods Peter and Martha work as hard as their father does, but though theyve lost their innocence, Christmas makes them innocent again and music soothes their woes. 2. You'll be able to access your notes and highlights, make requests, and get updates on new titles. It is not just the bread-winning father that supports this family the eldest children are expected to work just as hard. Instant PDF downloads. The church bells join in and remind us that Christmas is also a time for Christian reflection and prayer. Scrooge in Stave Three: Key Quotations and Analysis DystopiaJunkie 11.1K subscribers Subscribe 11K views 2 years ago Welcome to the ninth video in my "'A Christmas Carol' GCSE English. Somewhat disappointed, Scrooge waits for 15 minutes after which a bright light begins to stream down upon him. Marley tells Scrooge he will be visited by three spirits. Marley is wrapped in a long, heavy chain made up of the tools of the money-lending trade, and tells Scrooge that he has been doomed to an eternity of helplessly witnessing human sufferingand that Scrooge will be, too, if he doesn't change his ways. These are the children hiding under the Ghost of Christmas presents robe. In Scrooge we see a man who is transformed from a greedy, selfish miser into a generous and good-natured character by the end. Scrooge is interrupted in his vision by a hearty laugh. At the moment that Scrooge sees his own headstone, cold, bare and devoid of any sentiment, he is humbled, he is frightened, and he is determined to change. Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster." 17 terms. The way the content is organized, LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in, Compare and contrast themes from other texts to this theme, The ThemeTracker below shows where, and to what degree, the theme of Greed, Generosity and Forgiveness appears in each chapter of. Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster. I would definitely recommend to my colleagues. 1 How is Scrooge presented in Stave 3 quotes? Scrooge is a changed man. His behavior changes due to a mixture of shock, fear and guilty conscience. But as I know your purpose is to do me good, and as I hope to live to be another man from what I was, I am prepared to bear you company, and do it with a thankful heart. . erb337. Why does the Ghost of Christmas Past show Scrooge the boarding school where he was left alone in A Christmas Carol? Members will be prompted to log in or create an account to redeem their group membership. In Stave 1, Marley's Ghost, the setting is Christmas Eve in 19th century London. Why doesn't Scrooge like Christmas in A Christmas Carol? PDF downloads of all 1699 LitCharts literature guides, and of every new one we publish. Christmas is a religious holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. The Ghost of Christmas Present sits on top of a throne made from food eaten at Christmas. Scrooge must face his past choices and experiences and assess what he has become. His brothers, are those who promote the same, the people that Scrooge has never affiliated himself with. Scrooge hung his head to hear his own words quoted by the Spirit, and was overcome with penitence and grief. Similarly, the moral outlook of A Christmas Carol has little to do with the solemnity of a religious occasion. But he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge! erb337. Everybody is rushing about buying things for the season and the shopkeepers are too busy making merry to worry about getting the right prices. The ghost is reminding his charge that he has a lot to atone for. This change in weather represents how Scrooge has become a lot kinder and more generous. Word Count: 749. He tells Scrooge that he has more than 1800 brothers and his lifespan is a mere single day. If Scrooge doesn't heed their words, he will spend eternity bound in chains, forced to witness the misery of man without any means to help. Perhaps this last Ghost is silent to show Scrooge that he really does have free will to change the future. In the novella, Scrooge embodies the ideals of suffering and frugality, while the Ghost of Christmas Present embodies the ideals of abundance, generosity, and joy. polish funeral poem,